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Individual Obstacles In SS What are different Individual Obstacles In SSB

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Individual Obstacles in SSB
Individual Obstacles in SSB

Individual Obstacles In SSB :

IO is also known as Individual Obstacles in SSB. As the name suggests, in this task every obstacle is tackled by the candidates individually.

This is a set of individual tasks which checks your minimum physical capabilities. These tasks are very basic and do not need any specific physical training.

Individual Obstacles in SSB will have total 10 obstacles which you have to complete in 3 minutes. Mark to every obstacle is different. You are at liberty to attempt obstacles in your own order.

These obstacles cany a total of 55 marks. Obstacles are in ascending or progressive order, as much as one goes further, the obstacles become more difficult.

After completing all the obstacles within the time limit, you can re-attempt the obstacles to gain bonus marks. But, this is valid only when you have completed all the obstacles once.

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OBJECTIVES OF INDIVIDUAL OBSTACLES IN SSB :

The objectives of Individual Obstacles in SSB to check the following qualities in the aspirants. GTO assess the following qualities in the candidates

  • Physical and mental toughness of the candidates’
  • Boldness
  • Courage
  • Determination
  • Agility
  • Confidence
  • Risk taking the ability

Rules and Procedure of Individual Obstacles In SSB :

The following are the rules which the candidates have to follow for Individual Obstacles in SSB :

  1. Firstly, GTO will take the candidates around and show them the obstacles and explain the rules.
  2. To start the task, GTO will blow a whistle, and after 2 minutes and 30 seconds, he will blow another whistle. That means the next candidate should be ready for the task.
  3. You cannot continue after the final whistle.
  4. There is a total of 10 obstacles and you have 3 minutes to complete it.
  5. You cannot repeat any obstacle unless you complete the entire obstacle.
  6. Once you complete the entire obstacles before time, then you are at liberty to repeat as you can add to your score.
  7. You are not supposed to see the obstacles when someone else is doing it.

Types of Obstacles In Individual Obstacles In SSB :

There will be total 10 Individual Obstacles in SSB and you will have to complete in 3 minute. The following are the Obstacles in Individual Obstacles in SSB :

  • Single Ramp
  • Jump Over
  • Walking Over a Zig-Zag Beam
  • Screen Jump
  • Walking Over a Zig-Zag Beam
  • Tarzan Swing
  • Double Platform Jump
  • Double Ditch
  • Commando Walk
  • Tiger Leap
  1. Single Ramp :
    The first obstacle of Individual Obstacles in SSB is Single Ramp. In this obstacle, there is a standing plank up to a height of 3 ft at one end.

You should come running from some distance and run over the ramp and jump on to the sand pit.

  1. Jump Over :
    Jump Over is second obstacle of Individual Obstacles in SSB. Barbed Wires There are two barrels placed one after another. You have to take a long jump and cross over them.

Barrels are lengthwise buried on the ground with concertina coil on top across. While jumping over them, you should not touch the barrels.

For the lady candidates, a single barrel is placed adjacent to the double barrel. They are expected to jump over the single barrel.

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  1. Walking Over a Zig-Zag Beam :
    In this obstacle, there are 2 to 3 wooden beams placed in a zig-zag manner in a sequence at a height of about 3 ft.

This is third obstacle of Individual Obstacles in SSB.

You have to climb from one side and cross over and jump on the other side without falling in between.

  1. Screen Jump :
    There is a ramp just like in the first obstacle and from 2 ft away, a screen about 4 ft in height is suspended.

Screen Jump is fourth type of obstacle of Individual Obstacles in SSB.

You have to come running from a distance, run over the ramp and jump over the screen without touching it.

  1. Walking Over the Parallel Ropes :
    It consists of two fixed parallel ropes at a height of around 12 to 15 ft above the ground. Both sides have two ladders wooden ladders and rope ladder.

Take the use of wooden ladder to go up and slide your hands on the top rope and slide your feet on the lower rope.

After crossing the distance, you can either use the wooden ladder or a rope ladder to come down.

It is very important to keep in mind that unless you have practiced rope climbing earlier, do not use the rope to go up because it will swing and do not look down while moving forward instead, look straight.

The 5th type of obstacle in Individual Obstacles in SSB is Walking Over The Parallel Ropes.

  1. Tarzan Swing :
    In this obstacle, there is a wooden platform with a ladder at about 8 ft height and at some distance, there is a rope hanging from the top.

Tarzan Swing is sixth type of obstacle in Individual Obstacles in SSB.

Once you climb the platform, the rope is handed over to you by the groundsman. You should hold the rope tight and as high as possible.

Then you have to take a swing and land beyond a particular point without touching the ground.

While swinging, you should fold both your legs upward, this way your leg will not touch the ground.

  1. Double Platform Jump :
    In this obstacle, there are two wooden platforms one is about 8 ft in height and other is about 5 ft.

It is seventh type of obstacle in Individual Obstacles in SSB.

You have to climb on the first platform with the help of ladder or bar, then jump on the shorter platform and finally jump on the ground where there is a pit dug.

Always try to land on your toes, this will help you maintain your balance in landing.

  1. Double Ditch :
    The 8th type of obstacle in Individual Obstacles in SSB is Double Ditch. In this obstacle, there are two ditches out of which the first is 8 ft long and the second is 5 ft long.

Two ditches have a flat surface in between and a rope is hanging on the middle of the longer ditch.

You have to come running from some distance, take a jump, hold the rope and swing, land on a flat surface in between the ditches. Again take another jump and cross the shorter ditch.

  1. Commando Walk :
    In this obstacle, there is a raised platform which is about 10 ft in height, 1 ft in width and 10 ft long.

This is 9th obstacle task of Individual Obstacles in SSB.

There is also a victory stand placed in between the platform. You have to climb on the platform using the ladder.

Walk on the path and come down from the other side. Do not look down while walking on the platform.

  1. Tiger Leap :
    The last obstacle task of Individual Obstacles in SSB is Tiger Leap. In this obstacle, there is a wooden platform with a ladder whip is up to the height of about 10 ft.

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At some distance, there is a rope hanging.’ front of you. You have to go up to the platform, take a leap and hold them and come down.

Do not slide your hand on the rope, it will scratch your Wm’ and fingers instead come down slowly.

Important Points to be Kept in Mind During Individual Obstacles In SSB :
The following important points should be kept in mind during the Individual Obstacles in SSB :

• It is better for you to come prepared. So, before coming for SSB interview, practice running, and some physical exercise.

You do not have to proceed in a serial wise manner. So make a start from that obstacle which is nearer to you and have the maximum mark.

• Listen to the guidelines carefully.

• Do not break any rule… If you have to jump from a height, never jump on one foot, feet should always be together and toes should touch the ground first.

• Decide a good plan to overcome the obstacles while GTO is explaining the rule.

If you fail to tackle an obstacle, do not waste much time to clear it, try next one and after completing all the other obstacles, try again if you have time.

• Run fast between the obstacles… Repeat the obstacles only when all the obstacles are completed successfully.

While negotiating the obstacles, neither show any kind of hesitation nor stop for a moment before any obstacle.

In case, you get a small cut or an injury, do not get worried and continue. After the completion, you will get first aid.

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Lecturette in SSB What is Lecturette in SSB Interview

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Lecturette in SSB
Lecturette in SSB

WAY OF CONDUCTING LECTURETTE IN SSB :

Lecturette in SSB is a short lecture. It is the way through which knowledge or information is imparted on various topics especially related to current affairs of national and international importance.

What it needs is good knowledge of the issues that are going around.

OBJECTIVES OF LECTURETTE IN SSB :

The lecturette in SSB is conducted to know how much aware is the candidate about the recent happenings in India as well as in other countries, this also shows the candidate’s knowledge on current issues and his opinion on the issue.

The lecturette in SSB is conducted to test the candidates in the following ways :

Awareness about environmental development issues.
Ability to organize and express an opinion
Self-confidence and stage handling capability
Ability to influence the group

Perseverance in delivering his/her opinion under stress also.
Courage to face the group and talk determinedly
Stamina to address a group and deliver the thought and opinion in 3 minutes.

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PROCESS OF LECTURETTE IN SSB :

  1. Lecturette in SSB interview is a part of individual task, each and every candidate has to talk on a topic.
  2. The GTO will have as much number of cards as per the candidates in the group where each card will have four topics on the card.
  3. The first candidate will be called to pick up the card which is the first on it top and he will be asked to move away from a little away from the group and will be given 3 minutes to prepare on the topic.
  4. While the first candidate prepares, the GTO asks other candidates to introduce themselves, he will usually ask

Your name
Father’s occupation,
School,
Your studies,

etc when the first candidate comes to talk, first he will be asked to introduce himself and then time starts for talk.

  1. When the candidate is ready to talk and 3 minutes are completed, he is called back to deliver his lecture for 3 minutes and after 21/2 minutes, GTO rings a bell which indicates that the candidate should wind up his lecture in 30 seconds. Exactly after 3 minutes, GTO will ring two bells; the second candidate comes and starts his lecture.
  2. By this time, the second candidate is asked to pick the second card and again the process repeats till the last candidate completes his lecture.
  3. The lecture has to be given only in English.

Tips to Attempt Lecturette In SSB Interview :

Choose the topic on which you have good knowledge and can talk well; avoid taking difficult topic because only your knowledge is not tested, but the way you talk and impress others is also noticed.

The introduction to the lecture is very important since it gives an overall view about the lecture; hence it is essential that the candidate presents the topic well in the introduction

The flow of lecture can be like the introduction for the first 4-5 sentences followed by main points on the topic. You may also mention the negative effects in an effective manner, followed by a small example to support your lecture.

When you are delivering the lecture, always look at the group members, make eye contact and never look into the eyes of the GTO officer.

Give a brief introduction about yourself in less than 30 seconds before starting the topic. This can cover your name, educational qualifications, the place you are from

Try your best to maintain a smile throughout the process and have a relaxed body language. Never make any unwanted hand gesture during your talk and talk to other candidates in an audible and clear manner, but do not shout.

Be straight forward in your points and do not beat around the bush which gives the impression that you are not sure about what you are talking and shows that there is a lack of confidence in you.

Plan your time for talking all your important points, do not wait until the last second to drag on the conclusion and also do not go over the given time limit.

Dress in proper attire and be presentable, walk with your head held high. This shows that you have a lot of confidence and is the key to help you to clear SSB interview.

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Lecturette Topics for SSB Interview 2020

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Lecturette Topics for SSB
Lecturette Topics for SSB

Lecturette Topics for SSB Interview 2020 :

In this post, we are going to provide many times asked Lecturette Topics for SSB Interview.

Lecturette in SSB Interview is one of the most important topics. One needs to prepare well in Lecturette so as to make a good impression on the GTO (Group Task Officer). so here we are with some important topics for Lecturette that are generally asked in SSB Interview.

A list of different topics categorised as high, average and low level topics are given below :

Lecturette High Level Topics for SSB Interview 2020 :

• About the Nuclear Reactors in our Nation ,

•War on Terrorism

• Ethical Hacking .

•COP-19 New Global Climate Treaty ,

•Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)

•Democracy .

•Arab Spring .

•Disinvestment of PSUs .

•G8 Nations .

•World Sports

Lecturette Average Level Topics for SSB Interview 2020 :
•The Unemployment Rate in India

• Alternate Energy Sources for Fuel

• Child Labour

• Religious Tolerance in India

• National Food Security Bill

• Mangalyaan (Mars Mission)

• Lobbying in Medical World

• Ragging

• Right to Education

• Reverse Brain Drain

• Girl Education in India

• Single Parenting in India

• Medical Tourism

• Opposition in Democracy

• Judicial Reforms

• Nuclear Power

• Cloning

• River-Water Dispute

• E-Banking

• Indian Society – Turning to

• Mid-day Meals

• Political Leadership in India

• Disaster Management

• India’s Parliament

• Gay Rights

•Dictatorship Biodiversity of the World

•Chemical Weapons

•Convention IUCN Red List

•Nuclear War

•Legalisation of Abortion

•India and USA in Changing World BRICS

•ISRO

•Cloud Computing

•Reservation Policy

•Freedom of Press

•Corruption in Sports

•Acid Rain

•CTBT and India Uniform

•Civil Code Missile Development in India Kashmir Issue

•Western Way of Life

• Article 370

• Aviation Industry in India

• Naxallism

• RBI

• Greenhouse Effect

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Lecturette Low Level Topics for SSB Interview 2020 :

The below given topics comes under Low Level Topics for SSB Interview :

• Your Life Achievements

• The Most Unforgettable Moment in Your Life ‘

• Your First Day of College Life

• Dog: Man s Best Friend

• Students Union Yoga

• Cinema

• Computer

• Internet

• Favourite Pass time

• Mobile Phones

• E-mail

• Best Friend

• United we Stand, Divided we Fall

• Philanthropy

• Smoking

• Pure Drinking Water

• Government School

• Call Centre

• Family Planning

• Stray Cattle Menace

• My Hobby

• Bollywood Celebrities and Criminal Charges

• Challenges in Life

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List of SSB Group Discussion Topics 2020

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SSB Group Discussion
SSB Group Discussion

List of SSB Group Discussion Topics 2020 :

Below are some topics given for GD purpose. Candidates are advised to use these topic,. and practise with your friends. These are latest SSB Group Discussion Topics asked many times in SSB Interview.

A group discussion is usually conducted in the SSB interview during your GT i.e. the Group Testing (DAY-3).

In this particular task, first of all, you are basically divided into groups of 6-12 depending on the number of candidates.

After which you are made to sit in a circular fashion, facing each other, seating order based on your chest numbers.

There are two topics given to you by the GT Officer, firstly he will give you several topics and ask the group to choose the one you are comfortable with.

The second topic will be of GT Officer’s choice and needed to be discussed within the group.

The topic given to us are generally based on social awareness, day-to-day problems, social issues which we usually discuss with our family and friends.

The time given to discuss a given topic is about 10-15 minutes.
The GD topic consists of various given leads which you are supposed to advocate or support during the entire GD.

The two Group Discussion basically takes place one after the other, after which GD culminates and other task took place.

SSB Group Discussion Topics on Social Issues :

  1. Influence of Social Media.
  2. Should there be Private Universities?
  3. Civil Society and Individual Freedom.
  4. Internet/Mobile Phones : A Boon or Nuisance.
  5. Skilled manpower shortage in India.
  6. Capitation Fee should be Eliminated.
  7. How should we deal with high Oil Prices?
  8. Brain-Drain Needs to be Stopped.
  9. Every Cloud has a Silver Lining.
  10. Indian Economy: Old Wine in New Bottle.
  11. Should the Public Sector be Privatised?
  12. Religion should not be mixed with Politics.
  13. Our Cricketers are not to Blame for Match Fixing.
  14. Success is all about human relations.
  15. Is Science a Boon or Bane?
  16. Should Businessmen Run the Finance Ministry?
  17. Technology Creates Income Disparities.
  18. Privatisation will Lead to Less Corruption.
  19. What do you think reservation is for or against development?
  20. Role of caste in Indian Politics.
  21. Role of primary education in nation building.
  22. Do you think passage of women reservation in Parliament will drastically change the status of women in India?
  23. Role of Disaster Management to prevent the natural clamities.
  24. What are the preventive measures to stop the communal riots?
  25. Role of civil society in Indian Political system.
  26. Do you think Panchayats’ are an evil in Indian social system?
  27. Do you think AFSPA (Armed Forces Special Power Act) should be abolished from some Indian states?
  28. Education is for life or for livelihood.
  29. Why social welfare schemes of government are not so effective as they should be?
  30. Why is it necessary to keep armed forces in the command of Civilian Government?

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SSB Group Discussion Topics on Current Affairs :

  1. Foreign Direct Investment in retail sector.
  2. Content of internet should be censored.
  3. Is China a threat to the Indian software industry?
  4. Corruption is a necessary evil.
  5. Should India sign the CTBT?
  6. The state authority and freedom of expression.
  7. Developed countries are damaging the ecosystem of the Earth.
  8. Indian Villages : Our strength or our weakness.
  9. India should break diplomatic ties with Pakistan.
  10. Should agricultural subsidies be stopped?
  11. Globalisation vs Nationalism.
  12. Nuclear Arsenal is threat to human race.
  13. Average Indian is more secular than political parties.
  14. Juvenile Rapists should be treated same as adults.
  15. Clean India: just a movement or changing attitudes of people.
  16. Is India still a secular nation?
  17. In the crake of creation of `Telengana’ do you think, small states are good for India’s fast development?
  18. Naxalism is bigger threat than terrorism.
  19. Do you think capital punishment should be abolished?
  20. IPL (Indian Premier League) cricket has ruined the test cricket.
  21. Image of Parliament has been diminished in recent years.
  22. Present Syria crisis and. India’s role.
  23. Effect of inflation on Indian economy.
  24. Do you think India should be a permanent member of security council?
  25. India’s role in neighbouring countries.
  26. Hardwork or smart work. Which is important?
  27. Do you think corruption affects the pace of development?
  28. GDP growth rate not always leads to overall development.
  29. How does ‘paid media’ affect the election process?
  30. Does democracy mean regularly conducting elections?

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Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT)

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PPDT
PPDT

Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT) :

In SSB Interviews, Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT) are conducted on day-1 and it is the second objective of Stage-I tests.

As we know the first test is the intelligence test which involves Verbal and Non-verbal tests. These tests are geared to know more about the personality of the candidate in various shades.

Let us keenly know and understand the ins and outs of the procedure involved in Picture Perception and Discussion Test.

MEANING OF Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT) :

PP and DT as we already know mean Picture Perception and Discussion Test. In other words, it is to see a picture, understand it and describe it.

Thus, SSB shows a picture for 30 seconds and gives 1 minute to write down the details of the picture.

Depending on the picture, candidates are supposed to write a story of their own within a given time. This is the outline of the meaning of PP & DT.

• PP & DT are screening tests which are almost an elimination test of the candidates. This is conducted to know the candidate’s imagination power and description ability in a limited time.

• After the candidates are settled, the psychologist who is present there gives the instruction about PP & DT and tells what candidates should do exactly.

• The picture is displayed on the screen, for 30 seconds. The candidate gets 1 minute to note down the details of the picture and 4 minutes are given to write a story on the shown picture when the screen goes off.

Picture Perception :

The following points are given to understand what is picture perception

In PP & DT, for the purpose of perception, the candidates will be shown a hazy (blurred) picture. The picture is deliberately blurred.


The picture is displayed for 30 seconds only through a video projector and a screen.


The picture may consist of more than one character, so in the given time of 30 seconds, the candidates should find how many characters are there and what is their age, sex, and mood.


In the next step the screen goes off and the assessor gives the candidates 1 minute to jot down the details of the picture in a sheet provided for the purpose.


All the details related to sex, gender, age, mood, etc of the characters in the picture have to be marked inside the box printed on the sheet provided for the purpose.

In the next step, the candidate gets 4 minutes to write a story using the details jotted down and keeping the picture in the mind. The story should be written on the sheet provided for the same purpose.

The type is given below

Mood positive (+)
Character helping
Age 22
Sex M


Thus, to get a clear glance we can summarise in few words that in Picture Perception and Discussion Test, there is a picture display for 30 seconds and the candidate is allowed to jot down, the details in 1 minute and 4 minutes are given to write a story about.

These points should be kept in mind for PP & DT test.

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After picture shown and writing of the story, the next step involved in the discussion of the picture. This part is most important as it involves two crucial levels of tests.

Individual narration
Group discussion
Individual Narration

After the step of story writing is finished, the candidates will be divided into a group of 12-14 members. They are made to sit in a semi-circular way.

An assessor is also present. Here, the candidate gets a chance to revise the story before narration starts individually.

The narration takes place in the following way


Inside the discussion room, the PPDT sheets are given back to look into the story. When the discussion begins each candidate is required to narrate his story individually.

Assessor gives sufficient information regarding whether the candidate is required to tell the details seen in the picture or he has to straightaway narrate the story. So, it is very essential to listen carefully to the information.

Candidate with the least chest number starts narrating his/her story; once the narration is finished, the next candidate starts the narration. This continues until the last candidate.

Once the narration starts, the assessor will not interrupt the candidates. On the other hand, candidates are also not allowed to talk to assessors.

The language allowed to narrate the story in English and if the candidate gets stuck in between, he can use Hindi, but it is very crucial to switch back to English as soon as possible.

The candidate should finish the story within ’40-60′ seconds. So, it is advisable to keep the story very short as well as logical.
As soon as the last candidate finishes his individual narration of the story, the ‘Group Discussion’ starts.

Group Discussion :

We came to know that group discussion starts immediately after the last candidate finishes his individual narration.

At the discussion, candidates are made to sit as shown in the figure where there is a GTO, 10 and also a psychologist present i.e.

Group discussion takes place in the following way

Group discussion begins among the group members.
The assessor does not interrupt while the discussion is going on.
In the group of 6 to 7 candidates, all of them start speaking at the same time trying to convince each other.

It is the motto of the group discussion to make a common story out of the picture that was shown.

If the group becomes inconclusive, the assessor further divides the group into two and further discussion is allowed.

The group gets 5 to 10 minutes to discuss and one candidate is selected from the group members to narrate a common story. After which the discussion ends and candidates wait for the results.

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Mistakes Normally Done
Generally, candidates do not observe the picture minutely and do omit many things from the picture. This should be avoided and one should include even captions if any One may add anything in the scene to support one’s story.

Due to pressure and nervousness, some students fail to even write a single word. To avoid this, candidates must practice the art of writing a descriptive essay.

Take any topic and start writing then you will find, no difficulty in writing short but meaningful stories…

Due to a lack of confidence and poor power of expression, some candidates narrate their story but are not able to take part in the discussion.

To get considered you must have to take part in the discussion. To overcome that fear you have to practice with a friend or in front of a mirror.

Some candidates try to monopolize the discussion to gain some extra point but this is not going to help you. So, avoid dominating the discussion.

To narrate their story some candidates cross the stipulated time. Normally, you should finish the narration within 60 to 90 seconds.

Tips to Screen in the Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT) :
Following tips are helpful to get screened in. At the level of PPDT. .

As you came to know that you are shown a hazy picture for 30 seconds, try to observe the picture with full concentration and use those 30 seconds carefully and effectively.

Create a hero/heroine from the characters seen in the picture and make him/her the `-/main central character of the story to build… ./The hero of your story should overcome a problem to create some problematic situation in the story and you should do it logically and keep the story compact…

While in the individual narration, keep the story short and meaningful and clear from inconclusiveness, so that it covers the past, present and future aspects of the story.

During the discussion process, all of them start narrating their stories and try to convince one another, so there is more chaos inside the group.

So, you should try to be more calm and matured and have a good convincing as well as communicating skill.

For all the above purpose the only best way out is to practice. So, practice writing stories by keeping blurred pictures in front of you and at the same time manage the time properly.

The above tips will certainly help you to pass PP & DT successfully and get selected into the next stage.

All the best for Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT)

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Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT)

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Pilot Aptitude Battery Test
Pilot Aptitude Battery Test

Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) :

Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) is basically conducted for those who want to become a pilot. It is conducted to check whether the candidate posses the aptitude needed for a pilot.

This is a compulsory test that the candidates should undergo if they have to become pilots.

PABT is conducted by any one of the Air Force Selection Boards. If we see the historical procedure of recruitment to the army, PABT was not conducted but due to the crashes that happened frequently, this made the realization that military pilot should have the presence of mind and should be capable of withstanding mental and physical strains at the odd time, thus, Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) emerged.

Following points should be kept in mind while at Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) :

How attentively you listen to a session and how you answer the simple questions that follow?

What amount of focus you have in attempting questions correctly while keeping the wrong ones as low as possible?

Do you have a keen interest in knowing about an aircraft?

WAY OF CONDUCTING Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) :

The test is conducted in three levels…

  1. Written Test
  2. The Light Control Test
  3. Drum Test

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  1. Written Test :
    The Written test part consists of two parts
  • Apparatus Reading Test
  • Plane Position Test


I. Apparatus Reading Test :

In this test , Six measuring instruments of an aeroplane are shown and explained to the candidates.

Following are the measuring instruments :

Magnetic Compass :
It is an instrument used to show directions of the flight in relation to the magnetic North. It has 8 directions i.e. North, East. South, West, North-East, North-West, South-East and South-West. Altimeter It is used to show the altitude (height from the ground) of the aircraft.

Artificial Horizon
It is used to create an artificial horizon during clouds/fog/ nights when natural horizon is not visible to the pilot. It is used to help the aircraft to maintain correct posture for climbing, turning and descending.

Air Speed Indicator :
It is used to indicate the speed of the aircraft.

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Climb and Descent Indicator (Vertical Speedometer) :

This instrument indicates and shows the rate of ascent/descent of the aircraft.

Turn Indicator This instrument shows the right or left turn of an aircraft and whether the turn is being executed properly.

These instruments are explained in complete detail containing each and every point needed for qualifying the test successfully.

Hence, the candidates should listen to the officer with an attentive mind and understand every detail that is given.

Avoid to pose any silly questions and also try your level best to clarify whatever doubt you have, whenever the officer asks you.

II. Plane Position Test :

In this test, the candidates are explained about the various positions in which the plane travels and the regions of the plane that are visible from the front when it is travelling in these positions.

The positions are as follow :

East-West-North-South-North-West-North-East-South-West and South-East.
Climbing up (elevating), Descending (moving down).

The different parts of the plane that help in identification are as follow :

Top
T (at the tail)
Nose (painted white)
Belly
Wings
Black dot (tail)

Machine Test :

This test aims at judging the reflexive capabilities of a candidate in response to the external stimuli.

In this test, the locomotive and sensory abilities of the candidates are put to examination; both the tests are conducted to note down the eye-ear-hand-feet coordination of the candidate.

Thus, candidate can score well, can grasp the maximum in the shortest time and also apply the same within the short time duration.

In each test, the candidate is given three chances to come up with good scores.

The best score is counted of all the three. Each turn is of 90 seconds in test 1 and 60 seconds in test 2.

  1. Light Control Test :
    In this test, the candidate is made to sit in front of a CRT monitor.

The cathode ray tube is a vacuum tube containing one or more electron guns and a fluorescent screen used to view images.

In this test, a spot of light (ball) is to be maintained in the center of two concentric squares.

The spot of light, if left, moves across randomly all over the screen. Also, there are two lights, yellow and red which come up in the top left and top right corners of the screen intermittently.

The candidate is asked to fly along the chartered path keeping the light which represents the aircraft on the monitor, on the chartered path.

The devices needed to control the spot are as follow :

Hand Operated Stick This stick controls the movement of the stick in up and down direction. It is of the shape of the gear-changer in cars.
Foot Pedals The operation of the pedals moves the spot of light (ball) to right or left.

Light Lever A hand lever is provided which when moved forward puts off the red light and when backward puts off yellow light.
Beep Button A button on the top of the stick is used for putting off the beep sound in the headphones.

  1. Control Velocity Test or Drum Test :
    In this test, control motor skills of the candidate are tested. In this test, a spot of light (red) is to be superimposed on a series of yellow lights running on the screen from top to bottom.

Whenever there is a successful superimposing, there is a small beep in the headphone.

The more times you succeed in superimposing the red ball on the yellow balls, the more points you get.

In this test, candidates are required to maintain flight under normal and also in turbulent weather conditions like when the velocity of the wind disturbs the flight trajectory and even if the wind causes the flight to lose height suddenly.

Thus, these tests are conducted to know the aptitude of the candidates in controlling the flight at different weather conditions.

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Progressive Group Task In SSB Interview

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Progressive Group Task
Progressive Group Task

Progressive Group Task In SSB Interview :

To check the performance of students in real environment is a difficult issue which is neither practical nor viable. Progressive Group Task (PGT) is designed in such a way that it checks the practical profile of the candidates.

Progressive Group Task In SSB is held on 3rd day of the group test after the group planning exercise. It is the first outdoor group task.

A set of four obstacles with progressively increasing level of difficulties are to be completed in 40 to 50 minutes. Structures, helping material and load are provided to the group.

OBJECTIVES OF PROGRESSIVE GROUP TASK IN SSB :

The main objectives of the Progressive Group Task In SSB are to check the following qualities in the candidates :

  • Analytical ability to solve the problem
  • Physical and mental toughness
  • Ability to work in a team
  • Observation power
  • Organising ability
  • Self confidence
  • Leadership qualities
  • Innovative skill

PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PROGRESSIVE GROUP TASK IN SSB :

There will be a start line and a finish line both of which are parallel bound and approximately 20 ft away from each other.

You have to cross it utilizing the structures and the resource given such as wooden plank, ropes, ballies etc.

So, it emerges that the ground is also on obstacle, since you cannot go from the sides also. You will rarely find structures in the obstacles close.

Following are the rules which candidates have to follow

GTO will explain the candidates about each and every obstacle in a sequence and the degree of difficulty increases gradually.

GTO then explains to the candidates the requirements of the test i.e. the candidates have to carry a load alongwith the supporting material like planks, ropes and bathes from the start line to the finish line. He will indicate these lines.

Supporting material will assist candidates in crossing the obstacles.He will tell them about what material or structures are not to be touched and • which areas are out of bounds.

There are 3 to 4 continuous tasks. Every task has to be completed and the other one has to be started only when all the groups along with the helping material have reached the finish point of the previous task.

In the end, GTO will ask candidates to clarify their doubts and will ensure that they have understood the procedure.

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Colour Rule :

Red colour is out of bound. Structures that are painted white can be used by individuals as supporting materials.

There may be a central colour also apart from red and white. Structures painted with the central colour can be utilised only by the candidates and not to be utilised to keep the load or helping material.

If a candidate touches any out of the bound area, he will require restarting from the point where the rule was broken.

Rigidity Rule This rule pertains to the rigid helping materials like planks, ballies.

No two rigid supporting materials can be tied together for making an extension e.g. if you have a plank and a balli, you are not supposed to tie them together to increase the length. However, you can keep one on the top of the other and use it.

Distance Rule In this obstacle, it will be seen that you are not allowed to touch the ground. So no helping material should touch the ground.

You have to utilise the permanent structures on the ground and the helping materials to cross the obstacle.

The candidates are not allowed to jump either in length or height but distances exceeding 4 ft have to be crossed only with the help of supporting material.

Rule of Infinity The start line and the finish line should extend to infinity on either side.

Finish line

Start line

Out of bound area

Group Rule :

Every person in the group has to cross each obstacle with supporting material before the next obstacle is attempted by anyone in the group.

There is no leader of the group as such and every member of the group is a leader.

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PRINCIPLES FOR TACKLING OBSTACLES :

The candidates have to carry the load with the help of supporting materials from the start line to finish line avoiding the out of the bound area and the position marked red.

The candidates should bear in mind the simple principle while tackling the obstacle.

The planks can be used as a bridge or lever with the rope tied at one end and supported on a drum.

A rope should invariably be tied to the farthest end of the lever or bridge as the case may be.

It is very helpful while pulling back the plank. If required, the rope can be used to serve as a ladder.

Illustration of Progressive Group Task In SSB:

Men and material used by the group are as follow

• A group of 8 candidates

• Wooden plank 6 ft long

• Two ropes each about 12 to 16 ft long

• Ballies 4 to 6 ft long

• An ammunition box or a sandbag

Important Points to be Kept in Mind During Progressive Group Task In SSB :

Listen carefully about the rules and procedure, when GTO is explaining. It is a leaderless outdoor task. Do not look towards the GTO while doing the task.

Every member of the group should be used wisely according to their height, weight. Work with the mind; make such bridges which can sustain without applying any manpower on them. Concepts of simple lever and cantilever come handy in these situations.

Never lose temper or shout at others, but be patient and cheerful and show a friendly and cordial approach.

Keep in view various supporting material available and employ them effectively for the solutions of the problems. Show your positive attitude, initiative, dash and drive in overcoming the obstacles… Be ready to take a reasonable risk in the common cause.

A good leader leads by example. Hence, come forward and do the work instead of ordering someone. Come in front and make the bridge but do not fight for it with anybody, says politely that you have got an idea and would like to implement it.

Be prepared to accept other’s ideas if they are good and worth implementing.

Do not waste time in indecisiveness.
Be active and do anything possible in cooperation with your teammates.

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What is SDT in SSB Interview

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SDT in SSB
SDT in SSB

SDT in SSB Interview :

Self Description Test SDT in SSB Interview is conducted on Day-2 and Stage II of SSB.

It is one among the blur psychological tests others being TAT, WAT, SRT, Candidate is asked to write five separate paragraphs on each context about the opinion of his parents/guardian, friends, teachers/superiors.

MEANING OF SDT in SSB Interview :

As the name itself describes, SDT is describing what is ‘I’ i.e. self and anything related to self like what kind of a person you are, what you would like to become describing parents, friends, and teachers.

In SSB, the following are the points that are to be written by the candidates in the distributed forms…

  • What do your parents think of you?
  • What do your friends think of you?
  • What do your teachers think of you?
  • What do you think of yourself?
  • What sort of a person do you want to become in life?

NEED OF CONDUCTING SDT IN SSB :

The SDT in SSB is conducted to know the crucial and considerable details collected and assessed by the psychologist to assess the character traits of the candidate.

On the other hand, in the self-description, the candidate reveals his previous life details which show the maturity of a candidate’s personality.

It also shows that if the candidate is capable of assessing himself he can surely assess others.

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WAY OF CONDUCTING SDT IN SSB :

In self-description test, candidates are given 15 minutes and are asked to write 5 different paragraphs regarding the above-said points.

Candidates may take it easy and write everything that comes to mind, but it should be kept in mind that it is one of the psychological tests for which you have got an opportunity to project your qualities.

Here, the description should be honest, but not too self-criticizing.

It is advised that you give a balanced view of your personality.

Tips to Crack Self Description Test SDT in SSB :

Be attentive to what psychologist instructs.

• Your description should be an emphasis on such points that reveal the real traits of your personality. It is natural that all human beings have good and bad parts of personality so write well as well as bad points of your personality.

• You should be alert about your self-description, it should never contradict with any of the information given to the board.

Maintain a good writing speed also legible handwriting.

Never try to memorize any self-description from anywhere and produce it before the board. It will only reduce your chances of selection as the self-description will have no connection with your personality traits.

Do not write strong negative points about you. There is much difference between weaknesses and negative qualities. Be positive.Be honest and real, while giving your self-description.

Never try to bluff about any of your qualities as the psychologist will easily find it out.

Remember that psychologist is an experienced person he will easily find out the character traits even if you try to conceal.

Do not write in bullets always write the description in a paragraph.

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What is SRT in SSB Interview

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Situation Reaction Test
Situation Reaction Test

What is SRT in SSB Interview :

SRT stands for Situation Reaction Test. SRT in SSB Interview is conducted on Day-2, Stage-2 of SSB interviews. It is the third test in the series of ‘Psychological tests’.

It is important to know the fact that SRT is conducted immediately after the WAT. There is a gap of 10 minutes only between these two tests.

MEANING OF SRT IN SSB INTERVIEW :

The phrase SRT is self-explanatory. It means, in this test as the name itself suggests, certain situations are described where the candidate is asked to respond to the situation explained.

Situations that are explained or described to the candidates are usually related with day to day real-life situations.

The unknown situations are not usually asked to respond. Example You are in a hurry to attend an interview while walking to reach the place you see an injured person on the road.

You Reaction Take an auto to go to the hospital and admit the injured person in the hospital, inform his family and will take that auto to reach the interview on time.

Complete Action You admitted the injured person and then attended the interview.

NEED OF CONDUCTING SRT IN SSB INTERVIEW :

We understood that SRT in SSB Interview is the test related to a set of situations and reactions. Thus, when the candidate responds to the given situation, his personality is revealed.

All situations denote the daily life incidents that one has to face generally.

In other words, the way the response comes from a candidate shows his common sense, time sense, reasoning ability, maturity, and empathy.

The major quality assessed is the decision-making capability of the candidate in the given situation; good decision-making is an important trait and attributes to a perfect personality.

Now, let us know the procedure of the conducting SRT In SSB Interview.

WAY OF CONDUCTING SRT IN SSB INTERVIEW :

  1. SRT consists of 60 routine life situations regarding day to day situations.
  2. All the 60 day to day situations/activities are printed in a booklet which is distributed to the candidates before the test commences.
  3. The candidates are asked to write his reaction by completing the sentences, as to how they would feel, think and act in these situations.
  4. The responses are supposed to be written in a separate answer sheet provided by the SSB for the same purpose.
  5. Total of 30 minutes are allotted to write the responses for 60 situations, i.e. around 30 seconds are available for every situation. This is all about the way the SRT is conducted.

See, the below-given tips to successfully clear this stage of SRT.

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Tips to clear the SRT In SSB Interview :

Tips to Attempt SRT in SSB Interview, Following points are very useful in clearing all the 60 situations easily within 30 minutes

• Practising lot and with a focus is the foremost essence of this test.

• When you see the situation on the paper. Write whatever comes to mind, but which makes sense.

• Do not make a long explanation because it is time-consuming, remember you have only 30 seconds per situation.

• Giving a positive and meaningful reaction is very important.

• Though uncommon situations are presented, try to make a meaningful conclusion/reaction because it reveals you are capable of handling any situation.

• If you find that a situation is repeated in another form then give the reaction differently but see it is not contradictory to the previous reaction.

• Do not make an irresponsible reaction, in other words, do not merely react to the situation. Let your reaction be filled with responsibility.

• Do not make the sentence incomplete at the same time the sentence preferably should be short to manage time.

In the consecutive pages, some of the Situations and their probable Reasons have been given.

The students are required to analyze these situations carefully and then go to their reasons; candidate can make their own reasons also as per the situation is given.

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SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning

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SSB Intelligence Test
SSB Intelligence Test

SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning :

SSB Intelligence Test is one of the test which held on 1st day of SSB.In stage 1 testing, there are three different tests that are conducted, namely

  • SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning
  • SSB Intelligence Test Non-Verbal Reasoning
  • Picture Perception and Discussion Test (PPDT)

SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning is the understanding and reasoning concept framed in words.

It most specifically refers to more complex thinking tasks, such as analysis, synthesis, and evaluation of the text.

It aims at evaluating the ability to think logically and constructively. In verbal intelligence test, a series of question is provided, the candidate has to understand the pattern and pick the correct answer.

The number of questions is generally 40-50 and time given to candidates to solve them, is 25-35 milt There is no negative marking, so try to attempt all questions.

You will usually find questions in SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning on all of the following :

• Spelling Test

• Sentence Completion

• Analogy

• Verbal Deductions

• Synonym and Antonym

• Direction Sense Test

• Classification

• Series

• Sitting Arrangement

• Blood Relations

• Logical Venn Diagram

• Ranking

Some examples of each of the above category are provided as illustrations and there some sample tests are given for practice.

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SPELLING TEST :

Spelling Test is one of the important category of SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning. In such type of questions four words are given, out of which one is incorrectly spelled, you are required to find that word.

Basically, these type of questions, test your vocabulary.

SENTENCE COMPLETION :

The questions are designed to test the comprehension ability as well as the knowledge of the meaning of the words required to be filled in.

The questions of Sentence Completion in SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning may be little bit easy.

The candidate is asked to select the best of the alternatives given below a sentence.

These questions are relatively straight forward but more than one of the words may complete the sentence so you must read it carefully and choose the appropriate word.

Which of these words completes the sentence in the way that makes most sense?

These type of questions can be better understood with the help of examples given below :

  1. As a result of many unsuitable candidates were selected for the posts.

(a) tolerance

(b) favouritism

(c) humility

(d) weakness

  1. The pilot was injured, he died within half an hour.

(a) seriously

(b) fatally

(c) fatefully

(d) vitally

  1. Only when failed, the police restored to

(a) efforts, power

(b) arrests, imprisonment

(c) persuasions, force

(d) power, punishment

SYNONYM AND ANTONYM :

Synonym and Antonym in SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning is important category.

Basically these word meaning questions test your vocabulary.

You are required to know the meaning of the words given in order to select the words which have either the same or opposite meanings.

ANALOGY :

Analogy can be described as the logical, similarity between two or more groups of numbers, letters, words, objects and things.

The questions of Analogy in SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning is asked to check the candidate’s intellectual skills.

The candidate is required to carefully identify the relationship between the two or more 11 and find out the alternative based on that relationship.

DIRECTION SENSE TEST :

In these type of questions in SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning, some instructions related to directions are given.

A candidate is required to follow instructions and ascertain the final direction or distance between two points.

The test is meant to judge the candidate’s ability to trace and follow correctly.

CLASSIFICATION :

The meaning of Classification in SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning is to observe the differences and similarities among various items such as numbers, letters or may be anything based on the basis of certain properties.

The similarity is common to the group and is followed by every member or item of the group, the one which does not follow the common property in the group is the odd one.

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SERIES :

Series in SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning, can be defined as a sequence or pattern of numbers, alphabets or combination of these two term follows a certain pattern throughout the series.

The candidate is required to study the given series, identify the pattern followed in the series and then complete the given series with the most suitable alternative or find the wrong term in the series.

SITTING ARRANGEMENT :

Sitting arrangement is defined as the arrangement of objects or persons based on the given information.

The questions of Sitting Arrangement in SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning will be little bit easy.

The arrangement of persons or objects may be linear, circular, rectangular, square etc.

BLOOD RELATIONS :

Blood relations means any relation between two or more persons which is acquired by them by the virtue of their birth.

From this topic in SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning, questions are asked which involve the analysis of the information showing the blood relations among members of the family.

Blood relationship is defined as the social relationship among the members of the family.

The relationship can be divided into two main categories— Maternal and Paternal.

Relations on the mother’s side are called maternal while the relations on the father’s side are called paternal.

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LOGICAL VENN DIAGRAM :

Logical Venn Diagram is another important category of SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning. In this topic, we deal with questions which aim at analyzing a candidate’s ability to relate a certain given group of items/things and represent it diagrammatically.

Figures representing the groups of items/things in the form of enclosed regions are called Venn diagrams.

To represent these diagrams, we use different geometrical figures such as circles, squares, rectangles, triangles etc.

RANKING :

It ranking means arranging a set of objects/persons from the top and the bottom or from the right and the left, as per the given relation between them.

The questions related to Ranking in SSB Intelligence Test Verbal Reasoning will be little bit tough.

It deals with the problems related to the arrangement of the persons/objects in ascending/descending order. (based on different) parameters like height, weight, age, salary etc.) determining the position of person/object in a row/queue.

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